Kabul is the capital of Afghanistan as well as its largest city, located in the eastern section of the country. According to a 2015 estimate, the population of the city was around 3,678,034. The World Fact-book estimates that Kabul's population is little over 4.6 million, which possibly includes the people of the province as well. A number Afghans from other provinces stay in Kabul on a temporary basis, to spend time with relatives for different reasons. Rapid urbanization had made Kabul the world's 64th largest city and the fifth fastest-growing city in the world.
Kabul is over 3,500 years old and many empires have controlled the city which is at a strategic location along the trade routes of South and Central Asia. Kabul serves as the nation's cultural and learning center, situated 1,791 meters (5,876 feet) above sea level in a narrow valley, wedged between the Hindu Kush mountains along the Kabul River. It is linked with Kandahar, Herat and Mazar-e Sharif via the circular Highway that stretches across Afghanistan. The Kabul International Airport is located about 16 kilometers (9.9 mi) from the center of the city.
Kabul has a cold semi-arid climate with precipitation concentrated in the winter (almost exclusively falling as snow) and spring months. Temperatures are relatively cool compared to much of Southwest Asia, mainly due to the high elevation of the city. Summer has very low humidity, providing relief from the heat. Autumn features warm afternoons and sharply cooler evenings.
The city's population includes Tajiks, Pashtuns, Hazaras, Uzbeks and smaller numbers of Afghans belonging to other ethnic groups. Dari language is used in the region.
Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur). The gardens surround the tomb of the first Mughal Emperor Babur. Though he had wished to be buried here, he was originally buried in Agra, and later moved to this spot. Historically, the gardens have been visited by Afghans for picnics and lazy afternoons. There is a swimming pool, a small mosque for prayers and a small museum among other things.
Bagh-e Bala. Built in the late 19th century, it served as a summer palace for Amir Abdul Rahman. Today, much of the original interior has been preserved, and the area around the palace has become a large park.
Bagh-e Zanana (Family Park). A park and market for females only but includes male and female children. It was designed as a place where women could sell their own products and merchandise directly, which cannot be done in areas where men do business, because women in Afghanistan are not supposed to deal directly with men who are not relatives. This park was created as an outlet for these women to sell their goods with respect to their culture. There is also a female run restaurant. The park is also a nice place for female travelers to enjoy the outdoors.
Darul Aman Palace, At the end of Darul Aman road, south of the city, next to the Kabul museum. Originally built as King Amanullah's Palace in the 1920s, it has been destroyed and rebuilt a few times over. Plans were unveiled a few years ago to renovate it once again although it is still in a state of crumbling disrepair on the verge of collapsing.
Kabul Zoo. 6AM-6PM daily. The zoo is very popular with Afghans.
Lake Qargha. Described as Kabul's lake district, only 9km from the city. Spojmai restaurant provides international cuisine. Swimming and boating are popular on the lake with plans for water skiing and jet-skis in the future.
National Museum of Afghanistan (Afghan National Museum), South Kabul, Darul Aman Road (several miles from the city center, across from Darul Aman Palace). 10am-4pm weekdays, 9am-noon Fridays. The National Museum of Afghanistan once housed one of the greatest collections of Central Asian artifacts in the world.
Paghman Gardens (Tape Paghman), Paghman Garden is a very nice place with greenery and Kabul river is beside the garden, It’s a tourist place with nice climate. Afghanistan’s independence gate (Taq e Zafar) is located in front of Paghman garden. Paghman Hill: it’s a tourist place at the top of the hill. former King Zaher shah made it for the enjoyment of local people at the time of his kingdom and now it is a nice place with a pool and greenery and nice view.